Pakistan, authoritatively the Islamic Republic of Pakistan, is a nation in South Asia. It is the fifth-most populous country with a populace surpassing 212,742,631 people. In the zone, it is the 33rd-biggest nation, traversing 881,913 square kilometers (340,509 square miles). Pakistan has a 1,046-kilometer (650-mile) coastline along the Arabian Sea and the Gulf of Oman in the south and is flanked by India toward the east, Afghanistan toward the west, Iran toward the southwest, and China in the far upper east. It is isolated barely from Tajikistan by Afghanistan’s Wakhan Corridor in the northwest and furthermore imparts a sea outskirt to Oman.
The region that presently constitutes Pakistan was the site of a few old societies, including the Mehrgarh of the Neolithic and the Bronze Age Indus Valley Civilisation, and was later home to kingdoms led by individuals of various religions and societies, including Hindus, Indo-Greeks, Muslims, Turco-Mongols, Afghans, and Sikhs. The region has been led by various realms and lines, including the Persian Achaemenid Empire, Alexander III of Macedon, the Indian Mauryan Empire, the Arab Umayyad Caliphate, the Gupta Empire, the Delhi Sultanate, the Mongol Empire, the Mughal Empire, the Afghan Durrani Empire, the Sikh Empire (somewhat), and, most as of late, the British Empire.
Pakistan is the main nation to have been made for the sake of Islam. because of the Pakistan Movement drove by Muhammad Ali Jinnah and the Indian subcontinent’s battle for freedom, Pakistan was made in 1947 as an autonomous country for Indian Muslims. It is an ethnically and linguistically diverse nation, with a comparably differing geology and untamed life. At first a domain, Pakistan received a constitution in 1956, turning into an Islamic republic. An ethnic common war in 1971 brought about the withdrawal of East Pakistan as the new nation of Bangladesh. In 1973 Pakistan received another constitution building up, close by its previous parliamentary republic status, a government situated in Islamabad comprising of four areas and four elected domains. The new constitution additionally stipulated that all laws are to fit in with the orders of Islam as set down in the Quran and Sunnah.
A regional and center power, Pakistan has the 6th biggest standing military on the planet and is an atomic power and a pronounced atomic weapons express, the second in South Asia and the main country in the Muslim world to have that status. Pakistan has a semi-industrialized economy with a very much coordinated farming part and a developing administrations sector. The Pakistani economy is the 24th-biggest on the planet as far as obtaining power and the 41st-biggest regarding ostensible GDP (World Bank). It is positioned among the developing and development driving economies of the world and is upheld by one of the world’s biggest and quickest developing working class.
20 Interesting Facts About Pakistan
- Sialkot, situated in Pakistan, is the world’s biggest maker of handsewn footballs. Nearby processing plants in the locale create 40-60 million footballs per year, which is approximately 50-70% of the world’s aggregate generation. The football producing industry currently comprises in excess of 200 manufacturing plants.
- Pakistan is the world’s first Islamic nation to achieve atomic power.
- Pakistan has the most astounding cleared universal street – The Karakoram Highway (KKH).
- Pakistan has the biggest trench-based water system framework on the planet.
- Pakistan has the world’s biggest rescue vehicle arrange. Pakistan’s Edhi Foundation, which is additionally recorded in the Guinness Book of World Records, works the system.
- The most astounding batting organization framed by two players playing in their first Test coordinates in the game of Cricket is 249 keeps running by Khalid Ibadulla (b. 20 December 1935) and Abdul Kadir (b. 1944, d. 2002) for Pakistan against Australia in Karachi, Pakistan, in the match played on 24-29 October 1964. Wasim Akram, a previous Pakistani quick bowler is the first to take 400 wickets in the two Tests and ODIs (second being Muttiah Muralitharan).
- Pakistan’s evaluated populace was 207,774,520 in August 2017, making it the world’s 6th most-crowded nation, behind Brazil and in front of Nigeria.
- The name Pakistan signifies ‘place that is known for the unadulterated’ in Persian and Urdu.
- Only two individuals have won the Nobel Prize from Pakistan. Malala Yousafzai for Peace in 2014 and Abdus Salam for Physics in 1979.
- Pakistan gloats the world’s most elevated ATM (robotized teller machine). The ATM is worked by the National Bank of Pakistan and it is introduced at a tallness of 16,007 feet above ocean level, at the Pak-China outskirt, Khunjerab Pass.
- Karachi, the biggest city of Pakistan, is its money related center and home to just about 17 million individuals. It likewise has a noteworthy seaport. Karachi was the main capital city of Pakistan post-autonomy and remained so until the point when the capital was moved to Rawalpindi in 1958.
- India and Pakistan got their freedom at midnight of 14– 15 August 1947. The Indian Independence Act states – “As from the fifteenth day of August, nineteen hundred and forty-seven, two autonomous Dominions should be set up in India, to be referred to individually as India and Pakistan.”
- Ruler Elizabeth II was the Queen Of Pakistan until 1956. Also, the ex-US President Barack Obama went to Pakistan in 1981.
- Sugarcane juice is the national drink of Pakistan. In Pakistan, it is otherwise called “ROH.”
- Pakistan demands 5% propel impose on yearly costs made identified with instruction, nonetheless, just when the aggregate cost is above Rs 200,000 amid a year.
- Pakistan International Airlines (PIA) was established on 23 October 1946 as Orient Airways. The aircraft was nationalized on January tenth, 1955. The carrier has a world record for flying the speediest amongst London and Karachi. The aircraft accomplished this accomplishment in 1962 when they finished the trip in 6 hours, 43 minutes, 55 seconds, a record which stays solid right up ’til the present time.
- K-2 (Chagori) is the most astounding mountaintop in Pakistan and the second most noteworthy on the planet.
- Pakistan additionally has one of the most established civic establishments ever, Mehrgarh, going back to 6000 B.C. Mehrgarh is presently observed as a forerunner to the Indus Valley Civilization. It is one of the most punctual locales with confirmation of cultivating and crowding in South Asia.
- They likewise have an uncommon type of ‘Dazzle Dolphin’ found in the water of Indus River. It is the second most imperiled freshwater dolphin species on the planet, the first being the ‘practically wiped out’ Yangtze River dolphin.
- Pakistan likewise left a mark on the world with the most youthful common judge in the world. Mohammed Ilyas passed the exam when he was 20 years and 9 months old and along these lines turned into the most youthful common judge on the planet.
|Government||Islamic Federal Republic|
|Currency||Rs. Pakistani rupee (PKR)|
|Language||Urdu (official, national) 8%, English (official, government), Punjabi 48%, Sindhi 12%, Seraiki 10%, Pashto 8%, Balochi 3%, Hindko 2%, Brahui 1%, Burushaski and others 8%|
|Religion||Muslim 97%, Hindu, Christian, Buddhist, Sikhs and others 3%|
|Electricity||230V, 50Hz (Europlug & old British Plug)|
|Time Zone||UTC+5 (UTC + 6 in summer)|